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Citation Guide

Cite Your Sources and Avoid Plagiarism

What is Plagiarism?



Plagiarism Policy at MICA

The Writing Studio (Get Help from a Tutor)


Two Levels of Citation

No matter which citation style you use, there will be two levels of citation required. Citations within the text of the document(usually indicated parenthetically or as footnotes) and citations at the end of the text( Works Cited, References, Bibliography, etc.). Both levels are required and both will be formatted differently. Citations within the text are usually short and point the reader to the full citation at the end of the text.

Level One Example:


For the Magpies, working toward a higher ideal was a "moral imperative" (Jackson 1975, 37).

Level Two Example:


Jackson, Martha. 1975. History of the Magpie Group.Baltimore: Bobs Lonkins University Press.



Style Guides

The two most common citation styles used at MICA are Chicago Style and MLA Style. The print version of the manuals are available at Decker Library but they are only for use in the library. If you plan on preparing a manuscript for publication, purchasing the latest manuals would be a good investment. However, the Online Writing Lab at Purdue University and the MLA and Chicago websites provide typical examples and sample papers.


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